It should becoming a bit clearer to you why background knowledge is important. After reading the last chapter two you should have a sense why students how start with more background knowledge tend to learn more in schools than those who start with less. You should also have a sense why those students who know more about a subject will learn more during class and will remember more about what was taught the next day.
I would like to share an article with you written by E.D. Hirsch. We will talk more about him later, but today we will read his paper.
Here it is:
Please read the article and answer the following questions:
Fourth Response Question Set Continues:
Question 15: What is the “fourth grade slump”?
Question 16: What accounts for the “fourth grade slump”? In other words, why does this seem to happen?
Question 17: What is meant by reading fluency?
Question 18: What effect does domain knowledge have on fluency?
Question 19: Why is breadth of vocabulary important?
Question 20: The paper says: “Don’t Spend Excessive Time Teaching Formal Comprehension Skills. A great deal of time in language arts is currently being spent on teaching children formal comprehension strategies like predicting, classifying, and looking for the main idea.”
Why does the author say, “Don’t Spend Excessive Time Teaching Formal Comprehension Skills”?
That is all for today. You should be developing a good sense of just how important background knowledge is. You should also be able to say why developing a good vocabulary is also very important.
Until next time 🙂